History of the Community of McCandless Township
In areas of the township, Native American artifacts, primarily Iroquois Nation have been found. Early history includes a visit by George Washington in 1753.
James Duff was the first settler in McCandless and it was recorded that he purchased 400 acres in 1796. After this farming increased in the township, and in 1849, meetings were held, by Daniel Vogel, to form a local government. The township was originally founded in 1851 and called Taylor and the area was incorporated in 1857 as a Second Class Township and renamed McCandless in honor of District Judge Wilson McCandless. The published population was 1,482 persons.
During the 1800s McCandless was primarily a farming community, however, during the War of 1812, a supply route for the transportation of war time materials from Pittsburgh to Commodore Perry’s forces on Lake Erie were transported through the area.
In 1908, an interurban commuter railroad, the Harmony Line, now allowed area residents to easily travel to Pittsburgh. A concurrent oil boom resulted in rapid early development, centered around the rail stations in the Highland and the Ingomar areas.
By 1931, the Harmony Line had been replaced by the popularity of the early automobile. Allegheny County Commissioner E. V. Babcock initiated the establishment of Allegheny County’s North Park. Babcosk purchased the land and later sold it to the county. North Park was founded in 1927 by Allegheny County and approximately 1,600 acres (6.5 km2) of the park, 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), are located in McCandless. This North Park represents approximately 15.2% of the town.
Between 1930-1950, the town more than doubled its population (from 2,653 to 6,488). By 1960, the population had redoubled (14,582) and has since doubled again. At the 2000 census, the number of households in the town was 11,159.
Expanding population and traffic brought more diversified development into the area. McKnight Road was built in the mid 1950s and became the primary access into the north suburban areas. Retail and office uses occupy some of the McCandless segment of the McKnight corridor.
McCandless is a municipality in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 28,457 at the 2010 census. It was originally incorporated as a township; however, on January 1, 1975, McCandless Township adopted a new charter designating it a Home Rule Charter Municipality with the name Town of McCandless. Despite the name, state government publications continue to recognize McCandless as a township of the first class rather than as a town. (Bloomsburg, in Columbia
County, was incorporated as a town in 1870, and is recognized by these same publications as “the only incorporated town” in Pennsylvania.) Still, like all home rule municipalities in Pennsylvania, the Town of McCandless is not governed under the provisions of Pennsylvania’s Township Code.
McCandless is part of the North Allegheny School District and participates in the multi-municipality Northland Public Library
Demographics in McCandless
As of the census of 2000, there were 29,022 people, 11,159 households, and 7,922 families residing in McCandless township. The population density was 1,754.4 people per square mile. There were 11,697 housing units at an average density of 707.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 94.58% White, 1.29% African American, 0.05% Native American, 3.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 0.70% of the population.
There were 11,159 households out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone
who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.
The age distribution was 23.6% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
All information about McCandless Township courtesy of Wikipedia.